Unlike with day hikes, when you set out on a backpacking trip you won’t want to limit your food intake to trail mix, energy bars, and peanut butter sandwiches. Sure, you can do that if you like, but your experience will likely end up being much better if you can make a hot meal or wake up to your usual cup of joe.
Knowing that you want a good backpacking stove is the easy part – figuring out which one best meets your needs takes a little research and the best option varies by backpacker.
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There are a lot of factors to consider before checking out the available options, so we’ll cover the most important things you should be thinking about before making that purchase. And, we’ll also share some of our editor picks for the best backpacking stoves for the money right now, in case you need a little help making a decision.
Our Picks: Top 10 Rated Backpacking Stoves for 2017 - 2018our ratings are based on value, weight and performance
|STOVE||FUEL TYPE||PRICE||OUR RATING|
|Solo Stove Lite||wood||CHECK ON AMAZON, CHECK PRICE ON SOLOSTOVE.COM||4.8/5|
|Etekcity Ultralight Portable Backpacking Camping Stove with Piezo Ignition||canister||CHECK ON AMAZON||4.5/5|
|MSR WhisperLite International Backpacking Stove||liquid fuel||CHECK ON REI||4.8/5|
|MSR XGK EX Stove||liquid fuel||CHECK ON REI||4.7/5|
|Jetboil Flash Cooking System||canister||CHECK ON AMAZON, CHECK ON REI||4.9/5|
|MSR WindBurner Stove System||canister||CHECK AT REI||4.9/5|
|BioLite Wood Burning Cook Stove||wood||CHECK ON AMAZON, CHECK AT REI||4.7/5|
|Esbit Solid Fuel Stove and Cookset||solid fuel tables||CHECK ON AMAZON, CHECK AT REI||4.4/5|
|OUTAD Windproof Foldable Backpacking & Camping Stove||liquid fuel||CHECK ON AMAZON||4.5/5|
|iYoukes Alcohol Stove Outdoor Mini Portable Burner for Backpacking||denatured alcohol||CHECK ON AMAZON||4.9/5|
What To Consider Before Buying
Before you start your shopping, there are a few features and other factors to consider. Knowing what you’re looking for in a backpacking or camping stove makes it easier to narrow down the model that will work for your trekking needs.
Average Boil Time – if you’ll be in a hurry or worried about fuel efficiency, then comparing burn time is a good feature to consider. Here’s a good rule of thumb to keep in mind:
- Integrated canister systems use very little fuel and boil the quickest. However, simmering isn’t always easy to achieve
- Canister stoves offer a quick boil and many models achieve the perfect simmer (ideal choice for the camp chef)
- Liquid fuel stoves offer a quick boil in all temperatures (even those cold winter months). However, simmering capability varies by each specific model.
- Alternate-fuel stoves boil well, but do so at a slower pace than the other stove types
Weight of Stove – Since you’re carrying this in your pack, you obviously want the most lightweight backpacking stove on the market. Weight varies by type and model, but also be sure to consider the weight of any fuel that you’ll need to carry.
Burn time – You’ll definitely want to consider how long of a burn you’ll get from your fuel when comparing stoves. Why? Because fuel costs can add up, and so can the weight of needing to carry a lot of fuel for a long trip.
Stabilizers – If you’re klutzy or concerned about your camp stove tipping over, then consider a stove that can accommodate a stabilizer. These are sold separately but really do help reduce the likelihood of your stove tipping over.
Piezo-igniter – Here at Active Weekender, we are BIG fans of this type of ignition system. It’s a push button spark igniter that you can find on some canister stoves. And it is super easy to use Why do you want this? Because it will work when those matches get wet or lost in your pack.
Types of Backpacking Stoves
As you do your shopping, you will notice that there are really only three varieties for you to choose from. And before you select one of those three, keep in mind that you may end up needing more than one stove depending on the types of backpacking trips that you take throughout the year. The three types that are available on the market are:
- Liquid fuel stoves
- Canister stoves
- Alternative fuel stoves
If you want the absolute easiest to use option, then you should stick with canister stoves. If versatility is more important, then go with a liquid fuel model. Keep in mind that liquid fuel models are ideal for international travel.
Loved by backpackers all over the world for their ease of use, here at Active Weekender we really like that this type is low maintenance. You take a fuel canister and screw the stove onto the threaded top, and you’re ready to start cooking.
Another benefit to the canister model is that it is probably the most compact and lightweight backpacking stove type on the market. These things typically fold up for easy storage and transport and weigh in at only a few ounces. Of course, that weight does not include the canister.
One negative to this model of backpacking stove is that they are primarily used in North America, so if you are traveling abroad it can be difficult to find canisters that work in them. However, there are some international locations that cater to Americans and make it easy for you to find the proper canisters.
As you shop, you’ll notice two different varieties of canister stoves on the market.
- Integrated canister systems are designed primarily for boiling water quickly. Their design features a tall profile system with a burner that you screw on the canister. With a twist-on, you can easily use a French press for coffee or a cooking pot with a lid. One word of warning though – these things are notorious for tipping over if you aren’t careful, and no one wants to start the morning with their French press coffee all over the ground.
- Remote canister stoves are good for large pots since they have wider and more stable arms. What’s unique about this type is that it has its own base and a fuel hose to connect it to the canister. This does result in a bit more bulk and ounces in your pack, but it still breaks down small and compact.
Here’s a look at the basic overview of the pros and cons of canister backpacking stoves.
Advantages of canister models:
- Easy to use and light
- Compact design
- Flame works well for simmers and it adjusts easily
- When you unscrew the stove, the canister automatically self-seals for no leaks
- Some models have a built-in pressure regulator for consistent heat output (this is ideal for high elevation and cold weather use)
Disadvantages of canister models:
- Difficult to find canisters outside North America
- Large pots might not sit well on the short arms of some models
- No way to know how much fuel is left in a canister that has already been used
- Without a pressure regulator, the canister gives off a weak flame due to cold weather depressurization
- You end up with canister waste
- Fuel cost is higher for this type compared to liquid fuel models
As you can see, there is a lot to like about this option, but it is not ideal for everyone. Keep reading to learn about the other two options out there.
Liquid Fuel Stoves
If you don’t mind the extra weight, then a liquid fuel model is a great choice. These are designed to run on white gas and they burn clean and hot. If you’re going to be out in below freezing temperatures, then you’ll get the best performance from one of these models for sure. However, they do typically cost you a bit more overall when you add up the cost of the stove and the fuel.
Here’s a quick glance at the pros and cons of this type of stove…
Advantages of liquid fuel models:
- Fuel versatility makes them ideal for international adventures
- Low profile design
- Optimal stability on uneven ground
- Easy to determine remaining fuel amount because you can see the fuel level
- No waste (like with a canister model)
- Performs better than other models in cold temperatures and high elevations
Disadvantages of liquid fuel models:
- Fuel spills can happen
- Maintenance and priming required
- Typically have a higher cost
- Heavier than most canister stove options
- If you use something other than white gas, then stove parts can get clogged
A multi-fuel backpacking stove can be a real asset since you don’t have to stress about finding a specific type of fuel. In fact, most can burn diesel, kerosene, jet fuel, and unleaded automobile gasoline (in addition to white gas). However, when you don’t use white gas, you run the risk of clogging the parts. One thing to remember is that unleaded automobile gasoline has additives in it, which can damage the stove.
The two major downsides to liquid fuel stoves are the required priming and maintenance. When you want to cook something, you have to prime it by igniting some fuel in a cup below the burner. This preheats the fuel line so that the stove can turn the fuel into a vapor. So, that’s kind of a drag to have to deal with every single time.
This model also needs some periodic cleaning of the fuel hose. You’ll also likely need to replace some O-rings here and there over time.
Alternative Fuel Stoves
With this option, you can choose from a few different types depending on what best meets your needs. Often, these are used by long distance backpackers, survivalists, or as a part of a home emergency kit. The most common types that you’ll see are:
- Wood burning backpacking stoves
- Solid-fuel tablet stoves
- Denatured alcohol stoves
To help you decide if any of those three options are ideal for you, let’s look at the pros and cons of each one.
Wood burning backpacker stoves
If you don’t want to carry fuel cause you’re on a long trip or just to keep you pack light, then this is a great choice for you.
Advantages of this type:
- Easy to use
- Some of these models offer a USB connection to charge your phone or other small device while burning twigs
Disadvantages of this type:
- Can be difficult to find dry fuel when the ground is wet
- Can’t use if there is a burn ban or in places like Yosemite where wood burning stoves are prohibited at high elevations
Solid-fuel tablet stoves
If you are into ultralight backpacking, then look no further than one of these. Often, you can get a model that folds up small enough to fit into your pocket!
Advantages of this type:
- Super compact
- Very lightweight
- Cheapest backpacking stove type
- Tablets can be re-used and they are easy to light
Disadvantages of this type:
- Some tablets leave a greasy residue on your pots
- Boiling water is much slower
- Some tablets have an unpleasant odor
Denatured Alcohol Stoves
This is another good option for ultralight backpackers due to the low weight of the stove. All you need is it and a bottle of alcohol to do your cooking.
Advantages of this type:
- Few parts that require maintenance
- Fuel is cheap, easy to find, and burns silently
Disadvantages of this type:
- Take more time and more fuel to boil water compared to canister and wood-burning stoves
- Hard to find denatured alcohol if you’re not in the USA
- You typically need a windscreen
Best Practices: Backpacking Stove General Usage Tips
If you are a new user of backpacking or camping stoves, then there are a few rules to remember to keep you and your group safe out there.
- Never cook inside your tent or any other enclosed space. Why? Because you can get carbon monoxide poisoning, in addition to creating a serious fire risk.
- Always carry storm-proof matches, even if you have a piezo igniter cause you never know if it might fail.
- Place your stove on the most level surface you can find when you want to use it.
- Before you light it, check your stove for damage and leaks (including valves, fuel lines and connections).
- An old vehicle license plate makes a great level surface for your stove, especially on soft ground, if you don’t mind the extra weight in your pack.
- Keep a multi-tool with pliers in your pack in the case you need to do some on-the-spot repairs to your stove.
Canister Stove Usage Tips
In addition to the general usage tips above, there are few things that you need to know about canister models.
- Warmth helps keep the pressure up in your canister, so keep it in your jacket pocket during the day and sleeping bag at night to keep it warm.
- New canisters have a wee bit of air at the top, but will flow and ignite after that bleeds off.
- Don’t waste fuel at high elevations by using a model with a pressure regulator.
- Put a piece of foam under the canister when cooking on snow, or you’ll end up with a chunk of ice stuck to the bottom when you’re done.
- Not all recyclers accept empty canisters, so check around to find where you can discard your waste.
- Most fuel canisters can be used with any brands, but manufacturers recommend using their fuel with their stoves for the best results.
Liquid Fuel Usage Tips
Like the canister models, there are some additional usage tips that you need to know before using your liquid fuel backpacking camp stove for the first time.
- Keep the stove soot-free by using alcohol for priming.
- Always use a windscreen.
- When storing your stove for months, be sure to empty the fuel tank.
- Never fill the tank to the brim because fuel expands as it warms and you need that space to prevent pressure buildup.
- Take care to not fill the fuel on your skin. In cold condition, this can lead to frostbite since the fuel evaporates rapidly in the cold.
- Avoid using aged white gas because it degrades over time.
- If you have to use aged white gas, strain out sediment that has formed with a filter to prevent clogging your stove.
- White gas that has a color tint means that it is past its prime.